Nevertheless, the focus on social class obscures other sources of inequality such as those based on gender and ethnicity. Willis stated the irony was that although they resisted the schools ideology in their anti-school subculture, this still led them to the unskilled work that capitalism needs workers for, by being accustomed to boredom they will cope with tedious unskilled labour.
Rich people have more power compare to poor people, capitalist will be the one who hire those worker for production for the consumer, king or queen have the power to instruct those slave to do what ever they want whereas working class people have no power to change the society.
The meaning of capitalism is class society which is unequal and undemocratic. Rochester is a primary example of upper-class debauchery, with his series of mistresses and his attempt to make Jane a member of the harem.
Dialectical materialism contradicts the social equilibrium theory by stating how the economic base and conflict is the root of all change in society. Neo-Marxist emphasize more on psychological liberation instead of political revolution and thus closer to anarchism than socialism or communism.
The focus of both theories studies the society as a whole and in a large-scale manner. This contributes to the Theories such as marxism essay reward and sanction theory.
The structuralist theory is also criticised and this can apply to both theories.
Far from society becoming polarised and the working class becoming poorer, almost everyone in western societies enjoys a far higher standard of living than ever before. This causes a difference of interests among social groups which in turn leads to conflict. He used qualitative research methods to study 12 working class boys in Birmingham during their last few months at school and their first few months in factory jobs.
Tansactional analysis, a significant concept in Reader Response Theory, developed by Louise Rosenblat t, asserts that meaning is produced in transaction of a reader with a text. He believe that state was independent of the economy while still affecting society and according to him, status consciousness supersedes class consciousness.
The task of the sociologist, therefore, is to reveal the difference between appearance and reality. However, Thompson has been criticised himself for underplaying the structural realities within which such lives are lived.
It told us that class societies is not existed, in fact the earliest human societies were actually classless and ones based on co-operation not exploitation. Most of the political expert believe that Marxist is the foundation for the formation of several political thoughts such as Leninism, Socialism and other economic system and thought include Neo-Marxist.
If capitalism system does not abolish, it could destroy the human life because when the capitalists getting more and more powerful it means those working people or slave will forever been exploit by them. Functionalism believes that social change is evolutionary, in other words, slowly and gradually.
Both of these are not bad but problem occur when the unethical capitalists wants to maximize their personal profits by utilize workers. In order to abolish this system Marx said worker should rise against the capitalists and demand to end the exploitation and they should band together to construct an egalitarian democratic social order which known as communism.
Marxists see the state as the means by which the capitalist ruling class maintain their dominant position. Engels start to share his opinion toward capitalism to Marx. The greatest impetus for this standardization came after the October Revolution of in Russia. Another criticism of Willis is that he largely ignores the full range of subcultures within schools.
Neo-Marxist theory did not dispel all the classical Marxist but shed some light on the classical theory by considering new views and idea.
It works like this: Traditional, text-oriented critics often think of reader-response criticism as an anarchic subjectivism, allowing readers to interpret a text any way they want. It provide dialectical process that explaining why capitalism remain so pervasive even in light of the people awareness or unawareness of their oppression.
The discrepancy emphasizes that the world's vision of the upper classes doesn't always capture the hidden passions that boil under the veneer of genteel tranquility. Bowles and Gintis examine this idea further in their correspondence theory.
Its focus on private ownership of the means of production provides an explanation for the extreme social inequalities in wealth, income and power that persist in contemporary societies, and for the conflicts and upheavals that periodically surface, many of which are rooted in social class inequalities.
It was formed in the late of 20 century that used to amend or extent Marxist theory when they saw the failure of working class revolution in western Europe. They interpreted these failures is due to lack of adherence of the true Marxist theory and lack of understanding of prevailing social conditions.
They would think that changes in material reality were caused by ideas and not by material forces. Sociological theories are ways sociologists explain society and its mega structure.Marxist theory This theory was basically ideas of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.
Both of them were born from Germany. Marx was a student of the most prominent German Idealist Philosopher. Within this essay, I will be examining the view that education re-creates the class system. Theories such as Marxism, Internationalism and feminism, would agree with each other in saying that the education system favours the working class, due to ideologies, discrimination, domination and social control.
Where functionalism uses consensus, shared norms and values and concepts such as order, harmony, cohesion and integration, Marxism takes a different view. The Marxist perspective concentrates on the differences between groups and concepts such as control, conflict, power, domination and exploitation.
Reader Response Criticism: An Essay By Nasrullah Mambrol on October 23, • (1) Reader Response, primarily a German and American offshoot of literary theory, emerged (prominent since s) in the West mainly as a reaction to the textual emphasis of New Criticism of the s.
Crime and Deviance This essay will evaluate the Marxist theory that the ruling class in society decides the law and enforces it, to reflect their own interests.
Marxism is a political and social system based on the ideas of Karl Marx (). Mar 12, · The purpose of this essay is to compare, contrast and critically evaluate Marxist and Weberian theories of stratification. To do this effectively this essay must explain and consider the main features, claims and .Download